April 28th ~ A Famous Nazi and a Treaty with Japan

Welcome to This Day in Today,

My name is Tom Keefe, and I’m the Babbling Professor!

~April 28~

On this day, April 28, 1908, Oskar Schindler was born in Moravia, in what was called Czechoslovakia for most of Schindler’s life. Schindler (April 28, 1908 – October 9, 1974) was a German industrialist and member of the Nazi Party who is credited with saving the lives of 1,200 Jews during the Holocaust by employing them in his enamelware and ammunitions factories, which were located in occupied Poland and the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia. His story was told in book Schindler’s Ark (1982). The subsequent film Schindler’s List (1993) showed him as an opportunist initially motivated by profit who then, slowly, came to show his extraordinary initiative, tenacity, and dedication to saving the lives of his Jewish employees.

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On this day, April 28, 1952, the Treaty of San Francisco came into force (after having been signed September 8, 1951). The treaty officially ended World War II (six years after combat!!, but still looking timely compared to the Korea War “treaty” that has yet to be signed more than 60 years later), allocated compensation to Allied civilians and former prisoners of war who had suffered Japanese war crimes, ended the Allies’ military occupation, and return sovereignty to Japan.  It is the first notable treaty to make extensive use of the UN Charter and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

By Article 11, Japan accepted the judgments of the International Military Tribunal for the Far East and of other Allied War Crimes Courts both within and outside Japan and agreed to carry out the sentences imposed thereby upon Japanese nationals imprisoned in Japan.

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On this day, April 28, 1970, Fort Ninigret was added to the National Register of Historic Places. Fort Ninigret is a historic fort and trading post site at Fort Neck Road in Charlestown, Rhode Island. Most historians believe that the fort was built either by the Dutch West India Company or by Portuguese explorers prior to 1637, in addition to the earlier trading post on nearby Dutch Island. At the 1883 Dedication, it was referred to as “the oldest military post on the Atlantic coast.” Former US President George Herbert Walker Bush aviation trained at Naval Auxiliary Air Station Charlestown (now within Ninigret National Wildlife Refuge) before going to Japan in World War II. More recently, hundreds of children and their families watched the Big Apple Circus perform at Ninigret State Park.

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“The Old State House”

  On this day, April 28, 1970, the Old State House was added to the National Register of Historic Places. The Old State House was where, on May 4, 1776, the General Assembly declared its independence renouncing its allegiance to the British crown, and the date is now celebrated as Rhode Island Independence Day. Debates about slavery occurred in the building in the late 18th century. George Washington visited the building in 1781 and 1790. By 1901 the new Rhode Island State House was occupied on Smith Hill and the legislature vacated the Old State House.

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That’s all for today’s segment of This Day in Today, and remember,

Today’s Tomorrow’s yesterday.

Thank you for listening!

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