Welcome to This Day in Today,
My name is Tom Keefe, and I’m the Babbling Professor!
On this day, April 26, 1718, Commodore Esek Hopkins was born in Scituate, Rhode Island. Hopkins was the only Commander in Chief of the Continental Navy during the American Revolutionary War. He was also an accomplished merchant captain and privateer. The founder and first leader of the U.S. Navy
On this day, April 26, 1933, the Gestapo, the official secret police force of Nazi Germany, was established. Rudolf Diel was the first Commander of the Gestapo; 1933–1934.
Four years later, on April 26, 1937, Guernica (or Gernika in Basque) was bombed by German Luftwaffe during the Spanish Civil War. No strategic value, no military targets. Wanton violence for the sake of violence. The German military-industrial complex playing with its new shiny toys and showing what the weapons of Mars and Aries can do.
Since that horror, the town has become a symbol of peace for the world. René Iché made a violent sculpture, also known as Guernica, the very day after the horrific bombing. And, perhaps more famously, Pablo Picasso painted his version of Guernica to commemorate the horrors of the bombing. Years later, for the 50th anniversary of the bombing, Gernika hosted the Preliminary Congress of the World Association of Martyr Cities. In 1988, Basque sculptor Eduardo Chillida unveiled his remembrance of Guernica and, in 1990, Large Figure in a Shelter, by Henry Moore was erected besideChillida’s work. Remembering the unforgettable through art.
That’s all for today’s segment of This Day in Today, and remember,
Today’s Tomorrow’s yesterday.